Native Habitat Restoration for Diversification

Civil war

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAThe Louis Kappelmann Farm is located along what was once the Old State Rd which was the original road that traveled from St. Louis to Jefferson City, Missouri. It came down the hill from our property in Franklin County and where it hits the Boeuf Creek it crosses into Gasconade County and follows the creek until directly below the farmhouse where it crossed the Boeuf Creek and followed it again until it crossed the creek again where the new Old State Rd. low water bridge is today. Then it follows the creek until it turns West in the area that was once the community of Adam’s Georgetown. If you walk where the road was along the creek today there is still an approximately 3-4 foot deep and 12 foot wide depression that was once the road bed.

Back in 1994 a man named Roger Carter contacted Dad and said that he had been doing Civil War research in Franklin County. He had found diary entries from soldiers which stated that they had camped on the Boeuf Creek when they were following the Old State Rd. He asked permission from my dad to use a metal detector to search for Civil War artifacts on the farm. He came out and gave Dad copies of the diary entries and other information that he had. Using his metal detector he was successful in finding several bullets. He gave us the three bullets in the photo to the left. Below I am including excerpts from the diary entries he gave us and also excerpts from articles written by our good friend Jim Featherston for the Gasconade County Republican.

Excerpt from letter to Dad from Roger Carter in 1994
” On October 3rd, 1864 General Sterling Price’s Confederate Cavalry camped on Boeuf Creek and one week later General A. J. Smith’s Union infantry camped on Boeuf Creek. They followed the Old State Rd. from St. Louis to Jefferson City.”

Excerpt from an article in the Gasconade County Republican, Edition Wednesday, May 26, 1999 written by Jim Featherston

“The Trans Mississippi Confederate Commander, General E.K. Smith, ordered an invasion of Missouri to begin Sept 19, 1864. The mission of the army was to proceed rapidly from its staging area near Pocahontas, AK, up the two all-weather roads through Ripley Co., to St. Louis. The army was to liberate the arsenal at St. Louis and thus secure weapons and materials needed to capture St. Louis and occupy the State of Missouri. Missouri would be governed by citizens sympathetic to the Confederacy; furthermore, the state would then furnish needed raw materials and manufactured goods to the Trans Mississippi Armies.

General Sterling Price, who had once been governor of Missouri, was selected to command the invading cavalry army, even though he didn’t understand cavalry tactics. His army was comprised of three cavalry divisions, commanded by General Fagan, Shelby and Marmaduke. Both Shelby and Marmaduke were famed cavalry leaders.

In spite of objections by Shelby and Marmaduke, Price decided to capture Fort Davidson at Pilot Knob on Sept 27th, 1864. His army was badly mauled in the effort, with light losses for the Union. After the battle of Pilot Knob, Price was too weak to attempt an attack on St. Louis. Instead, he swung West, with a Confederate version of Sherman’s march through Georgia, feeding his army and horses from the stores of hapless farmers along his march. His army camped the night of Oct 2, 1864, in Franklin County. On Oct. 3, his main force camped near the junction of Old State Rd. and Boeuf Creek, several miles north of Rosebud, on the line between Franklin and Gasconade counties”

Camping out on Boeuf Creek – Price’s army didn’t resume march, following the execution of prisoners, until after 10 o’clock in the morning. Following the axis of the Old State Rd, from Union to Jefferson City, the main body of General Price’s Confederate Army camped on Boeuf Creek the evening of Oct. 3rd, 1864. The camp extended from the sugar camp of Samual Hutton’s farm to campsites near the Adam’s Georgetown Cemetary, used by wagon trains traveling west. Cavalry divisions , because of their number of horses, place the animals downstream from the men whenever the tactical situation permitted it. Fagan’s full division was with the main body. Cooking fires sparkled for through the trees along Boeuf Creek.”

“In his sweep through Franklin and Gasconade counties, Price at no time was in danger from a large military force. It was a time of easy pickings for the raiders, but that would soon change. As Price turned west, reinforced Union forces began to follow him. On Oct. 9 1864, Major General A.J. Smith was camping on Boeuf Creek at the site occupied just a week earlier by Price’s Confederate troops. General Smith’s Official Report to the Chief of Staff, St. Louis, was as follows:

Boeuf Creek, Hutton’ Farm
Oct. 9, 1864 – 8:30 AM
Col. J.V. Dubois
Chief of Staff, St. Louis, MO.

I am seventeen miles from the Gasconade (River) and will go from here to Hermann unless I hear good accounts from the front today. If I should cross the Gasconade, it will be impractible for us to cross the Osage, as I have no means of crossing, and the enemy holding the west bank. I will meet Mower at Hermann. Send up on the boats plenty of rations. General Pike is eight miles behind us. I have no reliable news from Jefferson City. Colonel Catherwood is on the Gasconade with orders to send a reconnoitering as far as Linn, also to examine the fords.
A.J. Smith
Major General”

The following are the diary entries of several of the soldiers that camped on Boeuf Creek:

117th Illinois Infantry
Saturday Oct. 8… Left camp about 7 and marched all day steadily till dark, over many huge rocky hills a distance of at least 27 miles. Scores of sore-footed limping soldiers this evening. Now in camp at the base of an “everlasting hill” covered with 10 million rocks near Boeuf Creek. Weather cold. Price’s army is ahead of us somewhere. Will not see him unless he wants to fight.

Saturday 8…Out on the road at sunrise – our brigade in the lead. Cavalry in front. Today we marched about 27 miles and camped at a creek called Beff or Boeff. This was a hard day’s march on the boys. The weather was cold and bracing. Today we found a dead negro in the roadside. Also we passed where the citizens said Price’s Army had killed some of the 7 or 8 men who would not agree to go along with them. Some of our boys reported seeing the graves.

October 9th, 1864…laid over at Boeuf Creek on Sunday in order to let the troops rest and make ready for a long march the next day coming.

The following is from an unknown source:

On the same day the big part of the army did not start moving again over the State Road until after 10 o’clock and after about 12 miles it went into camp near the border of Franklin and Gasconade counties. The site chosen was about the sugar camp of Samual Hutton on upper Boeuf Creek. Price had the bulk of army biding time until Marmaduke’s division caught up, and scouting and foraging parties were out in strength. The residents of the neighborhood were mostly German and were treated roughly. About all the corn, cattle, hogs, chickens and sound horses were taken. Several men narrowly escaped death and two were killed. Historian H.G. Kiel said his father, Henry J. Kiel was hid in a bed, pierced by a Confederate bayonet, and was taken prisoner and ordered shot on the ground that he was a German but released near Adamsburg (Adam’s Georgetown), through the kindly intercession of a North Carolinian neighbor, Dr. Samual Williams.