History of the farm
- Pre-Settlement – The farm is located in what was once the territory of the Osage Indians. We are always on the lookout for arrowheads and other artifacts as we walk around the farm. See the Native Americans page to view some of the interesting artifacts we have found.
- Early Explorers – Excerpted from an article by Stanley Wilke of Washington, MO in 1976 “The French Impact on Names” as follows: Buffalo River is shown on early maps as the name of the stream one crosses when traveling from New Haven to Washington. On later maps it is shown as Boeuf Creek. Why the change?
References state that the wild Buffalo roamed over North America in great herds between the Appalachians and the Rockies before they were decimated by man. Early explorers found many of these animals along the low lands of this stream and promptly named it Buffalo River. Later, during the French proprietorship of this chunk of real estate in Mid-America, it was named re-named the Boeuf Creek. It took no stretch of a Frenchman’s imagination to equate the Buffalo with Boeuf the French word for beef. I find it wonderful to imagine what it must have been like to see these creek bottoms filled with Bison.
- Early American – The Old State Road which traveled from St. Louis to Jefferson City runs through the farm. There was an early settlement in the area of the farm called Adams Georgetown. It was mainly inhabited by the Adam’s Family. There were homes, a store and a cemetary. The cemetary is the only evidence which remains. The Adam’s family still visits the cemetary during their annual Memorial Day family reunion.
- Civil War – During the Civil War approximately 5000 Union soldiers and 5000 Confederate soldiers passed through the farm within two weeks of each other. See the Civil War page to learn more.
- The original farm was owned by John Holtgrewe. In 1906, the year they were married, Louis and Lydia Kappelmann purchased the farm. It was a typical self sufficient German style farm with many outbuildings surrounding the house and barn. There were draft horses for farming, dairy cows, swine, and chickens. In 2006 the Louis Kappelmann farm was named a Century Farm, having been cared for by our family for 100 years.